Karwa Chouth is a North Indian festival celebrated all around the world by married Hindu women. In the name Karwa Chouth, Karwa means ‘the earthern pot, and Chouth signifies the ‘fourth day.’ Karwa Chouth Vrat katha and Vrat vidhi
Meaning, this festival falls on the fourth day of the waning moon or the dark fortnight in the Hindu month of Kartik. And an earthen pot is a symbol of peace and prosperity.
It is a romantic festival that symbolizes love, respect, and togetherness between a husband and wife.
Learn all about Karwa Chouth Vrat katha and Vrat vidhi.
Shiv ji and Parvati ji are worshiped on this day. The Gaur Mata or Karwa mata is made with cow dung in the shape of a human figure, just about two inches tall.
Ladies offer prasad or fruits to Karwa maa and then the older married lady of the house narrates Karwa maa story to everyone.
After the puja the prasad are given to daughters and sisters along with gifts. Once the moon rises, the women see its reflection from a channi (strainer) and after that they do a pooja for their husband’s safety and long life, and finally break their fast.
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A thali or a plate: to keep all the things mentioned below.
1. Fruits: this is offered to the gods during the evening puja. I always keep a banana and an apple as an offering. The fruit is later given to a kanjak (little girls under the age of 10) or the priest of the temple.
2. Mithai or Sweet: is in the thali to break the fast. You first offer mithai to the moon and then consume it after the chand puja.
3. Mathri: At times, it is difficult to consume a mithai/sweet after a whole day of fasting; therefore, a savory snack to break the fast.
4. Baya + badam: just like sargi, baya is a gift or a token of love that a daughter-in-law gives to her mother-in-law. Instead of money, my mom-in-law always preferred nutrient-rich badam (almonds) in baya.
4. Diya: for puja. I always prepare 2 diyas: one for the evening thali pujan and the other one for the moon puja. Link to make diya at home.
5. Sindoor: for puja. After the moon puja, husbands apply sindoor to their wife’s forehead.
6. A colorful cloth or chunni: to cover the thali.
7. A gadvi or karwa or steel glass: filled with water. It is required during the evening puja and chand puja.
8. Channi or a sieve: it is ONLY needed to do the chand puja. Not required during the evening puja.
9. Rice: not shown in the thali but required. A pinch of rice is a must-have for all the Hindu pujas. It is necessary to give arghya (offering) to the moon.ujas. It is required to give arghya (offering) to the moon.
10. Match box to light up your diya